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Referencing

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Referencing a Book

Creating a References List

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Print Sources

1 author/editor

Author’s Surname, Initials. (Year published). Title of book. Place published: Publisher.

e.g. Smith, A. (2009). Rock and roll history. London: Scholastic.

e.g. Hallinan, M. T. (Ed.). (2006). Handbook of the sociology of education. New York: Springer.

In-text: (Smith, 2009) or (Hallinan, 2006)

 

2 authors

First Surname, Initials., & Second Surname, Initials. (Year published). Title of book. Place published: Publisher.

e.g. Bernstein, D. K., & Tiegerman, E. (1989). Language and communication disorders in children (2nd ed.). Columbus, OH: Merill.

In-text: (Bernstein & Tiegerman, 1989)

 

3-5 authors

First Surname, Initials., Second Surname, Initials., & Third Surname, Initials. (Year published). Title of book. Place published: Publisher.

e.g. Ranzijn, R., McConnochie, K., & Nolan, W. (2009). Psychology and indigenous Australians: Foundations of cultural competence. South Yarra, Vic: Palgrave MacMillan.

First in-text: (Ranzijn, McConnochie, & Nolan, 2009)

Subsequent citations: (Ranzijn et al., 2009)

 

6-7 authors

Similar to above.

e.g. Jones, E. E., Farina, A., Hastorf, A. H., Markus, H., Miller, D. T., & Scott, R. A. (1984). Social stigma: The psychology of marked relationships. New York: W.H. Freeman.

In-text: (Jones et al., 1984)

 

8 or more authors

If there are eight or more authors, include the first six authors, followed by an ellipsis (. . .) then the last author’s name.

e.g. Loxey, W., Toumbourou, J. W., Stockwell, T., Haines, B., Scott, K., Godfrey, C., . . . Williams, J. (2004). The prevention of substance use, risk and harm in Australia: A review of the evidence. Canberra, Australia: Department of Health and Ageing.

In-text: (Loxey et al., 2004)

 

Author unknown

Title of book. (Year published). Place published: Publisher.

e.g. The Australian Oxford dictionary (3rd ed.). (1999). Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

In-text: (The Australian Oxford dictionary, 1999)

 

No date

Substitute ‘n.d.’ (no date) after the name of the author.

e.g. Southey, R. (n.d.). The life of Nelson. London, England: Blackie.

In-text: (Southey, n.d.)

 

Chapter in a Book

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of chapter. In B. B. Editor (Ed.), Title of book (pp. xxx–xxx). Location: Publisher.

e.g. Thompson, S. (2008). Teaching in a virtual setting. In L. Bell & R. B. Trueman (Eds.), Virtual worlds, real libraries: Librarians and educators in Second Life and other multi-user virtual environments (pp. 165-172). Medford, NJ: Information Today.

In-text: (Thompson, 2008)

 

Poem

Place the title of the poem in double quotation marks.

e.g. Eliot, T. S. (1962). “Macavity.” In T.S. Eliot, Old Possum’s book of practical cats (pp. 41-42). London, England: Faber.

In-text: “Macavity” (Eliot, 1962) tells the story... 

    OR  “He always has an alibi, and one or two to spare.” (“Macavity,” Eliot, 1962).

1 author

Author’s surname, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pages.

e.g. Giroux, H. (2000). Public pedagogy as cultural politics: Stuart Hall and the ‘crisis’ of culture. Cultural Studies, 14(2), 341-360.

In-text: (Giroux, 2000)

 

2 authors

Author’s surname, Initials., & Second surname, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pages.

e.g. Wilson, D. S., & Wilson, E. O. (2007, November 3). Survival of the selfless. New Scientist, 196(2628), 42-46.

In-text: (Wilson & Wilson, 2007)

 

3-5 authors

Similar to above.

e.g. Ganster, D. C., Mayes, B. T., Sime, W. E., & Tharp, G. D. (1982). Managing organizational stress: A field experiment. Applied Psychology, 67(5), 533-542.

First in-text: (Ganster, Mayes, Sime, & Tharp, 1982)

Subsequent citations: (Ganster et al., 1982)

 

6-7 authors

Similar to above.

e.g. Berry, N., Charmeil, C., Goujon, C., Silvy, A., Girard, P., Corcuff, C., & Montastier, C. (1999). A clinical, biometrological and ultrastructural study of xerotic skin. International Journal of Cosmetic Science, 21(4), 241–252.

In-text: (Berry et al., 1999)

 

8 or more authors

If there are eight or more authors, include the first six authors, followed by an ellipsis (. . .) then the last author’s name.

e.g. Sohrabi, H. R., Weinborn, M., Badcock, J., Bates, K. A., Clarnette, R., Trivedi, D., ... Martins, R. N. (2011). New lexicon and criteria for the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease. Lancet Neurology, 10(4), 299-300.

In-text: (Sohrabi et al., 2011)

1 author

Author’s Surname, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper, pages (p.).

e.g. Catanzaro, J. (2012, February 13). Diary revelation may give Simpson his VC. The West Australian, p. 5.

In-text: (Catanzaro, 2012)

 

No author

Title of article. (Year, Month Day). Title of Newspaper, pages (p.).

e.g. R-movies rated as abuse. (1995, January 7). The West Australian, p. 5.

In-text: (“R-movies,” 1995)

Title of Section. Publisher. Booklet number, page number/s.

e.g. Nazi slogan on the role of women. Scotch College History Department. Booklet 10, p. 3.

In-text: (Nazi slogan on the role of women, n.d.)

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