Making Connections Between Ancient Greece and the Modern World

MYP Information

Statement of Inquiry

The students will understand that our relationship with the earths resources and celestial bodies need to be sustainable for our future.

The Students will understand that despite conflict, ancient civilizations have influenced modern societies and culture.

Key Concept

Relationships are the connections and associations between properties, objects, people and ideas - including the human community's connections with the world in which we live. Any change in relationship brings consequences - some of which may may be far reaching, affecting large networks and systems like human societies and the planetary ecosystem.

Related Concepts

Civilization, Conflict, Culture, Perspective 

Consequences, Environment, Interaction

Global Context

Globalization and sustainability

Approaches to Learning

1. Communication Skills - exchanging thoughts, messages and information effectively through interaction.

6. Information literacy skills - finding, interpreting, judging and creating information.

7. Media literacy skills - interacting with media to use and create ideas and information.

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greek civilization—“the glory that was Greece,” in the words of Edgar Allan Poe—was short-lived and confined to a very small geographic area. Yet it has influenced the growth of Western civilization far out of proportion to its size and duration. In ancient times, Greece was not a country in the modern sense but a collection of several hundred independent cities, each with its surrounding countryside. Since these cities were independent political units, they are known as city-states. In Greek, the word for city-state is polis, and the English word politics comes from it.

The Greece that Poe praised was primarily the city-state of Athens during its golden age in the 5th century bc. The English poet John Milton called Athens “the eye of Greece, mother of arts and eloquence.” Athens was a city-state in which the arts, philosophy, and democracy flourished. It attracted those who wanted to work, speak, and think in an environment of freedom. In the rarefied atmosphere of Athens were born ideas about human nature and political society that are fundamental to the Western world today.

This map shows the chief cities and divisions of ancient Greece, which included ...Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Athens was not all of Greece, however. SpartaCorinthThebes, and Thessalonica were but a few of the many other city-states that existed on the rocky and mountainous peninsula at the southern end of the Balkans. Each city-state vied with the others for power and wealth. These city-states planted Greek colonies in Asia Minor, on many islands in the Aegean Sea, and in southern Italy and Sicily.


From: Ancient Greece. (2015). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from

Search Terms

Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, Aesop, Hesiod, Homer, Pindar, Sappho, Herodotus, Thucydides, Archimedes, Aristarchus, Euclid, Hippocrates, Pythagoras, Alexander the Great, Cleisthenes, Demosthenes, Draco, Pericles, Solon


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