Australia's International Obligations
Geneva Conventions

Geneva Conventions

At the core of humanitarian law is the Geneva Convention and their additional protocols, which regulates the conduct of armed conflict and seeks to limit its effects. They specifically protect people not involved in the hostilities:

  • Civilians
  • Health workers
  • Aid workers

And those that are no longer participating in the hostilities: 

  • Wounded
  • Sick
  • Shipwrecked soldiers
  • Prisoners of war

The Geneva Conventions ensures measures are taken to prevent or put an end to all breaches. They contain stringent rules to deal with what are known as "grave breaches'. Those who are responsible for grave breaches are sought, tried or extradited, no matter their nationality. (International Committee of the Red Cross, 2014)

Critical analysis

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